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Jacob Burnell

2nd Great Grandfather

Jacob Burnell was private in Captain Randolph Pabst Company G of the Flint Regiment of the Michigan Volunteers of the 10th Michigan Infantry for 18 months of service. He enlisted on January 20, 1864. He was 17 years 8 months, but claimed he was 18 years old to join the infantry. He was discharged on July 19, 1865 in Louisville, KY at about age 20. Jacob apparently did not write German or English. According to his enlistment papers he signed with an "X" for his signature.

Jacob Burnell would tell stories about the civil war. He and another soldier were lost from their unit; they spotted some Confederate soldiers on horseback approaching. They took cover in a barn nearby, hiding in the hayloft. The southern rebel soldiers entered the barn and tried to locate the two union soldiers by poking in the hay with their bayonets. They gave up looking when they could not find them. Later, Jacob and his friend worked their way back to their outfit. They were outnumbered and far from their command. They used their cunning to escape and return to Union encampment. Jacob Burnell was about 20 years old as noted on his discharge papers.

He was in the Campaign of the Carolinas. However on March 11- 13 1865 engaged the Confederates at Fayetteville, NC, crossing Cape Fear River on the 12th March. The regiment skirmished heavily with southern forces at Averysboro, NC.  On March 16th fighting heavily with southern forces at Averysboro, NC, the 19th-21st fighting at Bentonville, NC. Michigan 10th marched on Averysborough,  Bentonville and Goldsboro, North Carolina.  The Tenth then marched to Raleigh, NC on April 10-14, reaching Goldsboro on the 23rd.  The line march was then continued to Richmond, VA. The city of Richmond was in Union hands upon the surrender of General Lee’s Army under General Joseph Johnson to General Sherman at Bennett House on April 26, 1965.  On May 10th the Regiment was marched to Washington, DC, where it took part in the Grand Review with General Sherman Army on the 24th May 1965. He was possibly in the victory march in Washington DC and discharged in Tennessee to return home to a farmer in Macomb County. On May 23 in a procession that stretched for seven miles as column passed the reviewing stand in front of the White House, where President Johnson, general-in-chief Ulysses S. Grant, senior military leaders, the Cabinet, and leading government officials awaited. On the following day, William T. Sherman led the 65,000 men of the Army of the Tennessee and the Army of Georgia along Washington's streets past the cheering crowds. Within a week after the celebrations, the two armies were disbanded and many of the volunteer regiments and batteries were sent home to be mustered out of the army. Matthew Brady photos document the passage of the Michigan 10th infantry passing in this parade.

He is buried in Memphis, Michigan. Although he is listed with “Soldiers and Sailors” as Jakob Bunnell his name is Jacob Burneauer according to a document found is his National Archive Pension.

It is estimated that over 400,000 immigrants served with the Union Army. This included 216,000 Germans-born soldiers fought on the Union side More than 90,000 Michigan men, nearly 23 per cent of the state's male population in 1860, served in the United States Civil War. Michigan supplied 31 infantry units, 11 cavalry units, 14 batteries of artillery one unit of engineers and one unit of sharp shooters.

More than 90,000 Michigan men, nearly 23 per cent of the state's male population in 1860, served in the United States Civil War. Michigan supplied 31 infantry units, 11 cavalry units, 14 batteries of artillery one unit of engineers and one unit of sharp shooters.

Soldiers On Street

Tenth Infantry.

(Three Years)

The Tenth Infantry was organized at Flint and was completed in February, 1862. It was composed of the following  local companies: "Byron Guard" of Byron, "Saginaw Rangers" of Saginaw, "Orion Union Guard" of Orion, "Sanilac Pioneers" of Sanilac, "Scarrett Guard" of Port Huron, "Holt Guard" of Almont, "Lum Guard" of Memphis, "McClellan Guard" of Pontiac, "Genesee Rangers" of Flint, and "Dickerson Guard" of Hillsdale. The regiment was mustered into the U. S. service February 6, 1862, with an enrollment of 997 officers and men. The field, staff and line officers of the Tenth at organization were as follows:

Charles M. Lum, Colonel, Detroit.
Christopher J. Dickerson, Lieutenant Colonel, Hillsdale.
James J. Scarrett, Major, Port Huron.
James C. Willson, Surgeon, Flint.
Franklin B. Galbraith, Assistant Surgeon, Lexington.
Sylvester D. Cowles, Adjutant, Pontiac.
Edwin A. Skinner, Quartermaster, Detroit.
Jesse S. Boyden, Chaplain, Flint.

Company A. Captain, Henry S. Burnett, Goodrich.
First Lieutenant, Robert F. Gulick, Corunna.
Second Lieutenant, Bradford Cook, Howell.

Company B. Captain, Charles H. Richman, Saginaw City.
First Lieutenant, Harvey Lyon, Midland City.
Second Lieutenant, George Turner, Midland.

Company C. Captain, Myron Bunnell, Goodrich.
First Lieutenant, Benjamin B.Redfield, Orion.
Second Lieutenant, Alva A. Collins, Orion.

Company D. Captain, Israel Huckins, Lexington.
First Lieutenant, Hannibal H. Nims, Lexington.
Second Lieutenant, George W. Jenks, Lexington.

Company E. Captain, William Hartsuff, Port Huron.
First Lieutenant, Daniel Leach, China.
Second Lieutenant, Ed F. Bunce, Port Huron.

Company F. Captain, Walter P. Beach, Lapeer.
 First Lieutenant, Noah H. Hart, Lapeer.
Second Lieutenant, Calvin M. Hall, Almont.

Company G. Captain, Lafayette L. Deming, Jackson.
First  Lieutenant, William H. Dunphy, Memphis.
Second Lieutenant, Hiram B. Pierson, Jackson.

Company H. Captain, John Piersons, Pontiac.
First Lieutenant, Sylvan Ter Bush, Pontiac.

Second Lieutenant, Nathan Levy, Rochester, N. Y.

Company I. Captain, Russell M. Barker, Flint.
First Lieutenant, Platt S. Titus, Detroit.
Second Lieutenant, John Algoe, Flint.

Company K. Captain, Ethel Judd, North Adams.
First Lieutenant, John T. Storer, Hillsdale.
Second Lieutenant,------,------.

The regiment left the state April 22, 1862, under command of Colonel Charles M. Lum, and joined the army under General Hallock, at Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., and was assigned to the Second Brigade, General Pope's Division.The Tenth was in the presence of the enemy the moment it reached its destination and at once commenced a series of marches and skirmishes that occupied every day together with the hard work of building trenches and fortifications. When 
the confederates retreated from Corinth the Tenth went into camp at that place, where it remained until June 20, enjoying a much needed rest, when it was ordered to Tuscumbia, Ala. Detachments of the regiment were sent out from this place to occupy certain positions and act as provost guard. In September the Tenth marched to Nashville, where it was engaged in building fortifications, taking part in reconnaissance, guarding trains, suffering severely on account 
of short rations. The regiment was then assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, Fourteenth Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland.

During the winter the regiment was constantly on duty and made many and long marches, but met with no serious losses in battle. It had frequent contacts with the enemy while guarding trains and lost a number of men in these engagements. In September, 1863, the regiment was at Bridgeport, Ala., and 
crossed the Tennessee river near Chattanooga, and was at Chickamauga Station the 26th. It was constantly in motion, occupying a number of towns during the summer and fall. The regiment veteranized at Rossville, 335 men re-
enlisting the 6th of February, 1864, with the expectation of going home for a 30 days' furlough. While anticipating such a pleasant event orders were received for the regiment to move with the army in a general advance toward Dalton, Ga. At Buzzard's Roost, February 25, the enemy was found strongly fortified, and the Tenth was pushed forward upon the confederate works and met a storm of grape and canister, causing a loss of 13 killed, 35 wounded and 17 missing, a total loss of 65.

The following month the regiment returned to Michigan, arriving at Detroit March 11, and was furloughed for 30 days. May 11 the Tenth was back in Chattanooga, and commenced the Georgia Campaign, marching by way of Dalton and Kennesaw Mountain, crossing the Chattahoochee River the 17th, and taking part in the siege of Atlanta. The Tenth was a part of General Sherman's army and participated in the march from "Atlanta to the Sea," and after a number of skirmishes with the enemy, arrived before Savannah December 11, and when that city fell the Tenth encamped there until January 20, 1865, when it started with the balance of the army on the Campaign of the Carolinas. The Tenth crossed the Savannah River at Sister's Ferry, Feb. 6, and was engaged with the enemy at Fayetteville, N. C., March 11, and crossed the Cape Fear river on the 12th. The regiment skirmished heavily with the enemy at Averysboro, N. C., the 16th, and fought a battle at Bentonville, the 19th. The Tenth then marched on Raleigh, and reached Goldsboro on the 23rd. The line of march was then continued to Richmond, Va., as that city had fallen into the hands of the Union troops at the surrender of General Lee. On the 10th of May, 1865, the regiment marched to Washington, D. C., where it took part in the grand review with General Sherman's army on the 24th.

The regiment, then in command of Colonel Dunphy, started for Louisville, Ky., where it was mustered out of service July 19, 1865 and returned to Jackson, Mich., the 22d, and on the 1st of August was paid off and disbanded.

The 10th during service had been engaged at:
Farmington, Miss., May 9, 1862;
Siege of Corinth, Miss., May 10 to 31, 1862;
Boonville, Miss., June 1, 1862;
Nashville, Tenn., November 5, 1862;
Stone River, Tenn., December 29 and 31, 1862, and January 2 and 3, 1863;
Lavergne, Tenn., January 25, 1863; 
Antioch, Tenn., April 10, 1863;
Mission Ridge, Ga., November 24, 1863;
Chickamauga, Ga., November 26, 1863;
Ringgold, Tenn., November 27, 1863;
Buzzard's Roost, Ga., February 25, 1864; 
Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864;
Rome, Ga., May 18, 1864;
Dallas, Ga., May 28, 1864;
Kennesaw Mountain, Ga., June 27, 1864; 
Chattahoochee River, Ga., July 6, 1864;
Peach Tree Creek, Ga., July 19, 1864;
Durrant's Mill, Ga., July 20 and 21, 1864; 
Sandtown Road, Ga., August 14, 1864;
Red Oak Turnout, Ga., August 27, 1864;
Rough and Ready, Ga., August 30, 1864;
Siege of Atlanta, Ga., July 22 to August 25, 1864;
Atlanta, Ga., August 7, 1864;
Jonesboro, Ga., September 1, 1864;
Florence, Ala., October 6, 1864;
Louisville, Ga., November 30, 1864; 
Savannah, Ga., December 11 to 21, 1864;
Averysboro, N. C., March 16, 1865;
Smithfield Roads, N. C., March 18, 1865; 
Bentonville, N. C., March 19 and 20, 1865.

Total enrollment 1,514
Killed in action 62
Died of wounds 26
Died in confederate prisons 9
Died of disease 86
Discharged for disability (wounds and disease) 178

Source Information:
Historical Data Systems, comp. U.S., American Civil War Regiments, 1861-1866 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 1999.
Original data: Data compiled by Historical Data Systems of Kingston, MA from the following list of works.
Copyright 1997-2000  Historical Data Systems, Inc.; PO Box 35 Duxbury, MA 023.

P.S. There are several diaries in the Michigan Archives written by men of the Michigan 10th



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